What is Python?
Python is an open-source programming language which happens to be among the top 5 most popular coding language. It is the fastest-growing language among them. The python programming language has some really attractive feature both python programming for beginners and professionals which makes it so productive for a widely diverse set of applications that it is used in.
Things you need to know about python are:
- Why Python?
- Applications of Python
- Features of Python
Python is an interpreted, high-level, object-oriented, general-purpose programming language combined with dynamic typing (no need to declare explicitly anything) and dynamic binding, making it attractive for rapid application development. Created by Guido van Rossum and first released in 1991, Python’s design philosophy emphasizes code readability with its notable use of significant whitespace.
There are so many “Why” questions around Python programming language. Such as:
- Why should I start coding with Python?
- Why is Python programming language so popular?
- Why has Python programming language been so successful as a programming language?
- Why do professional coders prefer Python for development?
Everyone has different reasons, different needs and situations to start coding with Python. So, we have compiled 5 top reasons for Why Python is The King right now?
1. Python’s core design philosophy
Python’s core design philosophy emphasizes:
- Beautiful is better than ugly.
- Explicit is better than implicit.
- Simple is better than complex.
- Complex is better than complicated.
- Readability counts.
This design philosophy caries a very fine balance between code readability and the learning curve. It empowered students to learn better, faster and easier. And empowered professionals to increase productivity, since there is no compilation step, the edit-test-debug cycle is incredibly fast. Debugging Python programs is easy: a bug or bad input will never cause a segmentation fault. This accelerated the growth of python in the academia and the industry, a lot of python development community and forums created on the Internet. A huge coding repository to help the coders along with constant upgradations to the language. The object-oriented nature helped in creating very innovative and powerful libraries for very diverse applications.
- It is a language that is remarkably easy to learn.
- The code is easy to read and understand.
- Several big companies use Python.
- Very active development forums and communities online.
- Python has a syntax that allows developers to write programs with fewer lines than some other programming languages.
- Python runs on an interpreter system, meaning that code can be executed as soon as it is written. This means that prototyping can be very quick.
- Python can be treated in a procedural way, an object-orientated way or a functional way.
- Python uses new lines to complete a command, as opposed to other programming languages which often use semicolons or parentheses.
- Python relies on indentation, using whitespace, to define scope; such as the scope of loops, functions and classes. Other programming languages often use curly-brackets for this purpose.
2. Python is Open Source
- Python programming language is developed under an OSI-approved open source license.
- Python is compatible with Windows, Linux, macOS, many brands of Unix, OS/2, and more.
- It uses a similar interface on each platform, so you can jump between them easily.
- A community of millions of like-minded developers work with the language regularly.
- It free to use and distribute, including for commercial purposes.
- There are IDE (Integrated Development Environment) available on all platforms which are fairly similar as well.
- Under an active community, it provides you with a great way to network with other developers.
- The PyPI repository – Thanks to the large community of Python programmers, over 134,740 projects in the Python Package Index (PyPI) exist to serve all kinds of needs.
- Its development is driven by community collaborates for its code through webinars, conferences, mailing lists, social media groups and provides for its numerous modules.
Python has been the fast-growing language among the top 5 languages. Partially due to boom in AI, Machine Learning and Big Data. Since Python is easy to understand, requires lesser lines of codes to do a specific task and it already being open source, Major technological players have betted on Python for the product development. This helped in making python the #1 programming language in 2018, according to the IEEE Spectrum ranking, and it is the #1 “Most Wanted” and #2 “Most Loved” language, according to StackOverflow’s 2019 Developer Survey.
- An active community that holds regular conferences, webinars etc.
- There are lots of Python Jobs
- Startups love Python
- Python Means Awesome Salary
4. Python is versatile
Python is an open-source language and its trending. There has been a lot of development done by community and enterprises on the language itself. There are a variety of very interesting things that you can do using the Python programming language. Huge companies like Google, Facebook, Instagram, Amazon, Netflix all use python to build parts of their tech stacks.
- An incredibly wide range of work options.
- A diverse range of applications.
- A lot of diverse set of problems and their solutions are provided online by the community.
5. The Python Community
Programmers from several different backgrounds contribute to the language in significant ways. No matter what problem you’re trying to solve, chances are good that they have shared code, documentation, tutorials, and examples to help program a solution in Python. There are numerous IDEs and other development tools to choose from, and thousands of open source packages available to extend Python to do just about anything you can think of.
- Updated Libraries, Frameworks and other tools that keep the language relevant and adaptable over time.
- Dedicated community groups and forums to find advice, mentorship, inspiration or just to chat about How awesome is Python?
- Active community drives demand for Python in Industry.
How is python used?
Python is a general-purpose programming language, which is another way to say that it can be used for nearly everything. Most importantly, it is an interpreted language, which means that the written code is not translated to a computer-readable format at runtime.
The concept of a “scripting language” has changed considerably since its inception, because Python programming language is now used to write large, commercial-style applications, instead of just banal ones. This reliance on Python has grown even more so as the internet gained popularity.
Python has several applications in Technical domain, they include:
- Image and Text Processing
- Graphic Design Applications
- Scientific and Computational Applications
- Web Frameworks
- Web Scraping
- Data Analytics
- Enterprise and Business Applications
- Operating Systems
- System Administration
- System Scripting
- Language Development
- Big Data
- Artificial Intelligence
- Machine Learning
- Data Science
- Internet of Things
- Cloud Computing
Python programming language has a variety of features that attract beginners, professionals and enterprises to use Python. We have listed them below for you:
- Simple, Easy and Expressive
- Easy to learn – Python has few keywords, simple structure, and a clearly defined syntax. This allows the student to pick up the language quickly.
- Easy to read – Python code is more clearly defined and visible to the eyes.
- Easy to maintain
- More emphasis on the solution to the problem rather than the syntax
- Free and Open Source
- Redistributable for any commercial purposes
- High-level Language
- No need to take care of low-level details – Dynamically Typed
- No need managing the memory used by the program
- Python programs are platform-independent; can be developed and executed on multiple operating system platforms.
- Python can be used on Linux, Windows, Macintosh, Solaris and many more.
- There are no separate compilation and execution steps like C and C++.
- Directly run the program from the source code.
- Internally, Python converts the source code into an intermediate form called bytecodes.
- No need to worry about linking and loading with libraries, etc.
- Debugging is easy and suitable for beginners.
- Object-Oriented Programming Language
- Concepts of classes and objects come into existence.
- Python supports both procedure-oriented and object-oriented programming.
- Supports multiple Inheritance
- OOP’s makes Python scalable for better structure and support for large programs.
- You can write some of your Python code in other languages like C++.
- It can be extended to other languages.
- Python can be used within the C/C++ program to give scripting capabilities for the program’s users.
- It allows us to integrate scripting capabilities into your program of another language.
- Exceptional handling features
- Memory management techniques inbuilt
- Rich Library Support
- The Python Standard Library is very vast.
- Known as the “batteries included” philosophy of Python; It can help do various things involving regular expressions, documentation generation, unit testing, threading, databases, web browsers, CGI, email, XML, HTML, WAV files, cryptography, GUI and many more.
- Besides the standard library, there are various other high-quality libraries such as the Python Imaging Library which is an amazingly simple image manipulation library.
Other blogs you may like:
- Top 15 Reasons Why You Should Learn Python
- Why is Python so popular?
- How to score 100/100 in Class 12 CBSE Computer Science exam?
- Latest CBSE Class 12 Computer Science Python Syllabus
- How To Prepare For CBSE Class 12 Computer Science Practicals?
Please feel free to talk to us if you have any questions regarding the CBSE Class 12 Computer Science Syllabus, practicals or any other related query feel free to ask all your doubts on our Facebook group or Instagram page. You can also talk to us directly using our chatbot or via email at [email protected]. We highly suggest you subscribe to our newsletter for interesting Python coding hacks, interactive study material from all around the internet and more.